Nails are part of the body that is at the end of the foot. Nails have a hard shape because they are part of the bone but not of protein. Nails themselves have the function of protecting the fingertips which are soft, prone, and rich in nerves so that they are not easily damaged by hitting a hard object. Nails also function to strengthen the sense of touch that is owned by the skin, especially the fingers. This nail has a cuticle at the end which functions as a protector against dirt that can enter the nail. On the nail, there are also many capillaries at the tip of the nail so that the nail will look redder at the tip while at the base it is milky white.
Nails are a strong part of the human body as well as teeth and bones because they contain little minerals and water. Fingernails grow faster around 0.5 mm to 1.5 mm in one week, and the number is 4 times faster than toenails. Everyone has different nail growth from one. This is influenced by various factors, including body heat and the health of the body itself.
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How to take care of nail health
Even though nails look trivial as a part of the human body, they also need to be cared for properly so that they can produce a clean impression on anyone who looks at them and also to prevent the disease from occurring in the nails. Here are some ways to take care of nail health:
1. Don’t bite your nails
You should avoid biting or pulling your nails because it can traumatize and infect your nails. In addition, this is a habit that is not good and should not be done in social life.
2. Cut your nails regularly
Cut nails regularly, both fingernails and toenails. Don’t forget to clean your nails from any adhering dirt.
3. Use sharp nail clippers
If you want to cut your nails, it’s best to use sharp nail clippers and do it right after taking a shower because at that time the nails become softer. Cutting the wrong nails can also be a cause of ingrown toenails.
4. Moldy nails? Use vinegar
If you experience moldy nails marked by an itchy feeling on your nails, you can soak your nails in a vinegar solution. Usually occurs in the toenails because the activity is very dense and can step on various germs. Or you can also spray vinegar on itchy nails and leave it for a while. An acidic vinegar solution is believed to make germs and bacteria die faster.
5. Apply tea tree oil
You can also apply tea tree oil to your fingernails and toenails. Make sure your nails are clean and dry when you apply tea tree oil. In tea tree oil there is an antiseptic and anti-bacterial content that can prevent nails from various fungi and bacteria.
6. Using olive oil
To keep your nails clean and shiny, you can use olive oil as a way to prevent your nails from losing moisture. Olive oil also prevents nails from various bacteria, germs, and fungi.
7. Consumption of nutritious food
Consuming nutritious food to meet nutritional needs, of course, it will make the body healthy, including the nails. Eat foods that have balanced nutrition.
8. Use nail polish
If necessary, you can use a nail polish that can be used to protect your nails from impact.
How to Take Care of Nails with Manicures and Pedicures
One of the most common nail treatments is the pedicure and manicure method. Here is the review.
Manicure is done to clean and treat fingernails, the method is very easy. The first thing to do is clip your nails and clean any visible dirt. You should avoid cutting the cuticle to protect the nails from infection.
Then prepare warm water in a basin or bucket that has been given olive oil, salt, and lime juice.
After that, soak your fingers for about 10 minutes while massaging and gently brushing
After the nails look shiny and clean then dry them with a towel and if necessary use a special nail moisturizer.
- First, cut and clean the toenails thoroughly and soak the soles of the feet in warm water mixed with lemon juice, rose petals, and enough salt while brushing to exfoliate dead skin cells.
- You can also add a special scrub for toenails and use it at the base of your feet too.
After the jam, dry it with a towel and if you want to apply nail polish, you should wait a few days to prevent your nails from turning yellow.
How to Diagnose Disease Through Nails
Did you know that nails can give a signal or sign that there is a disease in your body? Yes, this method has been done since the time of the Greek empire. The media see the disease through the nails, this is done not only by looking at the eyes, skin, and breath. The following are various signs of disease that you can see through the nails.
1. When the nails are yellow
This is marked by the nails starting to turn pale yellow and the nails not growing as fast as usual or even stopping growing, it could even be until the nails fall off the fingers. This situation could be because in your body there is lymphedema or swelling of the blood vessels of the hands, disorders of the respiratory tract such as asthma, sinusitis, and acute bronchitis, and disorders of the lining of the lungs.
2. Clubbing (clubbing)
Symptoms include when the tips of the fingernails become rounded and hardened. This is due to low levels of oxygen in the blood or other respiratory disorders, AIDS, cardiovascular disorders, liver disorders, inflammatory bowel disease, and lung disorders.
3. Mee line
Symptoms can be seen when there is a transverse line in the middle of the nail. If you encounter such a person, you should immediately take action, because this person could be arsenic poisoning. Immediately call a doctor to carry out appropriate and appropriate treatment.
A condition in which the nails become curved so that the curves protrude from the fingernails and are difficult to clean. This could indicate that the person has lupus, anemia, heart problems, iron deficiency, or hypothyroidism. To be sure, you should immediately examine by a trusted doctor.
It is the presence of spots on the surface of the irregular nails, usually caused by the body or nails having an impact. It’s not harmful to your body.
6. Pitting nails
Pitting nails or indented nails are a condition where the body usually experiences psoriasis. Where the disease is a disease related to the skin and can be dry skin, reddened, and also irritated.
7. Terry’s nails
Terry nails are usually experienced by people who are elderly because they are already malnourished so the tips of the nails become dark black. However, this can also indicate that the body may have diabetes, heart problems, and liver disorders.
This situation can be characterized by inflammation of the tip or area of the nail due to an infection that occurs due to an injury. Well, this infection occurs due to pathogenic bacteria that enter the nail tissue, causing pus or blood clots.
Onychocryptosis, also known as unguis incarnates, is a condition in which the nails grow inward. This process occurs because usually too often cut nails in the wrong way, causing nails not to grow outward. People who feel it will feel pain.
Unlike the unguis incarnates which are caused by cutting nails too often, this one occurs due to not cutting nails for a long time resulting in the thickening of the nail arch area. This occurs because of an error in the peripheral vessels that drain into the nail.
This condition is very terrible and painful because it is a process where the nails fall off from the tips of the fingers. This is triggered by various things, for example, due to frequent trauma, accidents, or thyrotoxicosis.
It is a condition where the nails are also separated from the fingers but not systemically. This can happen because the patient is undergoing chemotherapy therapy for cancer. After all, other causes are unknown. Suspected because there is systemic damage to body tissues.